The Delta County Courthouse is located at 501 Palmer Street, Delta, CO 81416; phone: 970‑874‑2100.
Delta County is located in the west central part of Colorado and has a land area of 1,157 square miles. The County has unique and diverse land forms and a varied topography: flattop mesa and "adobe" badlands, river canyons, flat irrigated farm lands, and high mountain peaks. Elevations range from 4,750 feet in the Gunnison River Valley to well over 11,000 feet in the West Elk Mountains. Escalante and Dominguez Canyons are outstanding landscape features to the west, and Grand Mesa dominates the northern landscape at an elevation of 10,000 feet.
The North Fork of the Gunnison River enters the County from the east, the Gunnison River and the Uncompahgre River flow from the south. These rivers and their tributaries provided a force that helped shape and enrich the character of the unique land forms cut from the geologic landscape of Delta County.
Delta County has a variety of natural resources which have been the basis for its economy over time. 55 percent of the County's 740,000 acres of land is federally owned and managed by the Grand Mesa, Uncompahgre and Gunnison National Forest and the Uncompahgre Resource Area of the Bureau of Land Management. Early settlers in Delta County developed and improved the land in order to irrigate fields for produce, fruit orchards and cattle ranching: Over the years other farm products (sugar beets, barley, broccoli, and poultry) have been introduced. Today, of the 330,900 privately owned acres, most remain in some form of agricultural production—either fruit orchards, row crops or pasture. This has led to an agricultural diversity within the County and has allowed the County to be a major producer of agricultural products within the State.