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Sangamon County, Illinois

Sangamon County Courthouse is located at 200 South 9th Street, Springfield IL 62701; phone: 217-753-6600.

Sangamon County Neighborhoods

Joseph Ross House

Photo: Joseph Ross House, circa 1833, located at 5200 Passfield Road, Rochester. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2006. Photographed by User:Boscophotos (own work), 2015, [cc-3.0] via Wikimedia Commons, accessed August, 2021.


Formed in 1821, the county is named after the Sangamon River flowing through it; name is derived from a Pottawatomie Indian word meaning "where there is plenty to eat," or "good hunting ground." Actually, the county was initially named "Sangamo" with the "n" added some time later, for reasons unknown.

Springfield, the State Capital of Illinois, is also the seat of government for Sangamon County.


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