Opened in 1702-04, Elfreth's Alley is the oldest unchanged and continuously inhabited street in Philadelphia; an example of the survival of a part of colonial America's largest city.
The dwellings fronting Elfreth's Alley are a unique representation of Philadelphia architecture. Half of those now standing were erected either before the middle of the 18th century or before the opening years of the Revolution, while the other half were constructed in the post-colonial and Federal years. For more than 250 years Elfreth's Alley has been continuously occupied. The population today numbers almost 100 persons.
The houses, of two and three stories, are typical urban dwellings of the period with their facades flush on the sidewalk, low ceilings and deep cellars. Elfreth's Alley is a remarkable survival of colonial America which can be viewed today in an unexploited, authentic atmosphere.
Source: National Historic Landmarks Program
National Register of Historic Places
5th Street • Front Street • Walnut Street • Wood Street